IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: sand-perch (English), camotillo (Espanol), menta (Espanol), serrano (Espanol)
Diplectrum maximum Hildebrand, 1946

Greater sand-perch,     Torpedo sand-perch

Body elongate, moderately compressed; angle of preopercle a narrow, round-pointed bony spur with 4-8 large spines, width of spur < height of rest of rear border of preopercle; snout and between eyes scaleless; lateral line complete; scales moderately small, rough; lower jaw strongly projecting, tip joins forehead profile; 17-21 gill rakers; dorsal X, 12; anal III, 7 rays, 2nd  spine about same length as 3rd; tail concave; 48-50 lateral line scales, 10-13 vertical rows scales on cheek.

Upper 2/3 of head and body dark greybrown, shading to white belly, throat, chest and under mouth; a large dark blue-grey blotch on upper operculum; dorsal with bluegrey basal band, middle red-brown band, outer bluegrey band, margin red brown; tail dark greybrown, anal pale grey, pelvic dark grey; pectoral translucent yellowish brown.

        Size: 37 cm.

        Habitat: sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 1-130 m.

        Central California to the mouth of the Gulf of California to Peru.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System


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