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BiologyAdults occur in coastal and brackish waters among rocks and mangroves (Ref. 9710). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114). Highly tolerant to adverse environmental conditions, self-reproducing population living between rocks in natural oil seeps in Venezuela (Ref. 56126).